The charging system will normally consist of two major components: An Alternator which actually supplies the necessary electrical current in order to charge the battery, and a Voltage Regulator. The latter insures that the system does not overcharge the battery, and that the correct system voltage is maintained. Most vehicles produced within the last 20-30 years use a voltage regulator which is an integral part of the alternator itself. This article assumes that your vehicle uses this type of alternator.
Changing a Fuse: Locate and open the fuse box.It should be located inside the car as a part of, or near, the dash. Check your owner's manual to locate that operates the windows. It is not uncommon that the only thing wrong with electrical components in a vehicle is a blown fuse. If this is the case with your windows you will need to replace the window fuse. Pull the fuse straight out of its cradle. Be careful not to twist or otherwise force it. You do not want to damage the cradle or break a piece of the fuse off in the cradle. There are fuse tongs available at part supply stores that can help with this.
Use a multi-meter to make sure that the motor is getting the correct voltage. Attach the probes of your multi-meter to the motor’s plug and toggle the switch up and down. Make note of the voltage in both directions. Your owner’s manual should list the specific voltage required. Ensure that the window moves freely during this test. There should be no slow spots or blockages. Unplug the motor. If you the motor is getting the proper voltage but not functioning properly, you likely need to replace it. Start by unplugging the wiring connectors from the motor.
Battery: this invention has made the complete car electric system possible. From the old heavy and unreliable ones to today's modern batteries, it's something that a car can't go without. In the invention of the batteries lay the seeds of today's modern electric-cars. Spark plug: today it's an usual item in car mechanics. But think of the people that invented it!! Lighting the fuel-air mix with an electric spark, simply amassing. How great it is, proves the fact that the principle is unchanged ever since. Every invention on the car has it's purpose and, in mechanical terms,it's own beauty. Ranking of this kind doesn't neglect all of the other marvels on the car, on the contrary. The genius in these 5 inventions is that they stayed basically unchanged for all of these years giving the driver comfort, safety and reliability