The charging system will normally consist of two major components: An Alternator which actually supplies the necessary electrical current in order to charge the battery, and a Voltage Regulator. The latter insures that the system does not overcharge the battery, and that the correct system voltage is maintained. Most vehicles produced within the last 20-30 years use a voltage regulator which is an integral part of the alternator itself. This article assumes that your vehicle uses this type of alternator.
If your vehicle is showing symptoms such as dim lighting, "dragging" during engine starts, or frequent dead batteries, then the charging system may be at fault. Although it may seem obvious, the first item to test is the battery itself. A defective battery in an otherwise healthy electrical system can cause any of the above mentioned symptoms. Testing the battery is a simple procedure, and can performed quickly by most auto parts stores, repair shops, dealers, and even some large department stores.
On every occasion that a car show signs or symptoms of a charging or starting system breakdown, the most essential assessment and check that should be carried out first is a voltage and visual test of the battery. Realizing and learning the precise circumstance of the battery is the most excellent means to be acquainted with whether or not to suppose other system components can put off the redundant setting up of a starter or alternator, which cannot patch up the vehicle until the battery is up to bump off. It is very recommended that you seek the help of auto electricians in order to fully be aware of the auto electrical repairs that should be done. Auto electrical repairs on batteries might be tricky that is why you should always have the backup of the professionals for this matter.
The commonest cause for electrical faults in cars is the 'short circuit' which typically is caused by the so-called 'clashes' in the wiring system. Unless you are professionally qualified in the field of auto vehicle wiring (or mechantronics), you are advised against attempting to carry out auto electrical repairs on faults emanating from 'short circuits.' Getting things wrong here could, in the worst case scenario, see your car up in fire!