A good thing with battery checking and trouble shooting is that you need very little technical equipment. All you need is a good, old Digital Volt Ohm Meter and a charger for the battery. Each auto battery manufacturer uses a certain color in the battery 'eye' which tells whether a charge is needed. This is a fast and easy way to alert you for re-charging. Check out your battery manufacturer's specification of the 'eye' and everything associated with it.
All 2012 and newer vehicles are required to have stability control, so they also have ABS and traction control. Many older cars also have some or all of those features. The ABS light (usually yellow, amber or orange) should come on briefly every time you start your car as part of a system check. If the light stays on, that means something isn't working and the system has been shut down.
If you have electric (power) windows in your car, there may come a time that you push the button and the window doesn't respond the way it used to. If the window suddenly stops moving at all, the problem could be as simple as a blown fuse or a loose connection. It is also possible that you have a faulty switch, especially if the window works on a hit and miss basis. Window motors go down sometimes as well. This is usually characterized by a gradual decrease in how well the window responds to the switch, but a slow window could also be getting stuck on the gaskets. Once you identify the problem, you may be able to repair it with some basic tools.
With ABS, sensors mounted at each wheel monitor the speed at which the wheels are turning. If one is turning slower than the others during braking, that indicates it is locking up, which could cause skidding and loss of steering control. ABS is supposed to intervene by rapidly "pumping" the brakes at the wheel that is locking up, allowing it to spin so that the driver retains braking and steering control.